Fresco Painting Techniques, Types and Finishes
Fresco is originated from an Italian word “fresh”. It describes the ancient painting methods of
Italy. Traditionally, this style of painting is used to paint murals, but nowadays it is highly used
to give a touch of uniqueness to ancient buildings and temples. This painting style is playing a
vital role in preserving the beauty of exemplary historical establishments and monuments for
long. The most recognized paintings in the world “The Last Supper,” by Leonardo Da Vinci is
created in Fresco style. This painting is still available on the walls of a church in Milan, Italy.
Another live example of this painting is Stanza murals painted by Raphael in the Vatican.
Conforming the origin and evolution of Fresco Painting is quite difficult, but this painting is
quite famous in Mediterranean countries and turkey. Fresco was practised as early as 2000 BCE
during Minoans civilization. And, the other example was found in the ancient Roman city of
Pompeii. This painting got more recognition in 13th century to the mid-16th century.
Method Of painting
Fresco Painting is a complex art that need sheer determination, deep vision and innate eyes.
This painting is created by the painters on the newly constructed plastered surface by applying
water-based paints. Handmade colours are used in this painting, which are produced by mixing
powdered pigment into the paint with the use of balanced amount of water.
Types of Frescoes
The two most popular forms of fresco paintings that are used in the recent times are the Secco
and the Buon fresco.
The Buon fresco painting style involves the mixture of pigment with only water. In this style, a
thin layer of plaster or wet lime mortar is used to create the painting. This painting style doesn’t
need any binding material.
Secco paintings on the other hand are created by the painters on the dry plaster. Hence, oil,
egg or glue is used as the binding material to ensure that the pigment sticks to the wall
completely. This painting became popular during the middle Ages.